The battle of Rolica was fought on 17 August 1808 and was
Wellesley – 16000, 470 cavalry, 18 guns
Deleborde – 5000, 300 cavalry, 5 guns
Delaborde has three French brigades
Neither side have any cavalry
Delaborde – 96 infantry and 3 guns
Wargames table at start of battle
The French occupy their second position on the three hills south of Rolica. One brigade is deployed to cover each hill.
The British have reorganized having taken the first French position.
1st and 2nd brigades form the left wing and are advancing to the left of Rolica along the main Obidos to
3rd and 4th brigades form the right wing and are advancing to the right of Rolica.
1st brigade holds the ridge on the left of the French position. It is too small to hold the whole brigade and two battalions are held in reserve.
2nd brigade holds the main ridge which overlooks Rolica. Delaborde has placed himself behind this ridge to commit his reserves as the battle gathers pace.
3rd brigade holds the right of the French position and the
The British 4th brigade and two guns pin the French left, whilst the 3rd brigade advances towards the centre hill.
Another view of the 4th brigade on the left and the Portuguese brigade on the right both moving towards the centre hill.
The fight for the centre hill is going against the French. On their left they have lost a firefight, and on their right the Portuguese have driven back a second battalion.
The French have lost their right flank. Two battalions are in rout and the artillery is shaken and have abandoned their guns. Delaborde has just ordered this wing to retreat, and with the remaining battalion is trying to cover the withdrawal.
The French continue to hold the left hill, but the 4th British brigade are advancing towards them to stop them sending support to the centre and right
The Portuguese brigade is in rout, but elements of both 2nd and 3rd British brigades have won their fire fight with the French defenders. The battalion on the left is shaken, and the one on the right in rout. The artillery crew are also shaken. Delaborde is approaching the brigade commander to order him to withdraw.
The whole of 1st French brigade is in rout, including the gunners.
The wargame has repeated the historical victory for
1st French brigade is still capable of fighting, but 2nd and 3rd are both broken and in retreat. Between them they have lost 21 casualties and six of the 8 battalions are in rout.
The British have lost 7 casualties, but all of their 11 battalions are battle worthy. Only the two Portuguese battalions are in rout, with 9 casualties between them.